Plan a route here Copy route
Hiking Trail recommended route

Luther Trail: Section 39 – From Treffurt to Mühlhausen

Hiking Trail · Wartburg-Hainich
Responsible for this content
Lutherweg - Thüringer Tourismus GmbH Verified partner  Explorers Choice 
  • Rathaus - Treffurt
    / Rathaus - Treffurt
    Photo: Joachim Negwer, Lutherweg - Thüringer Tourismus GmbH
  • / Burg Normannstein - Treffurt
    Photo: Rainer Lippert, CC BY-SA, von Rainer Lippert (Eigenes Werk) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • / Thomas-Müntzer-Denkmal - Mühlhausen
    Photo: Paul Hentschel, By Michael Sander (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • / Außenansicht - St. Marien - Mühlhausen
    Photo: Paul Hentschel, Lutherweg - Thüringer Tourismus GmbH
  • / Kornmarktkirche - Bauernkriegsmusem - Mühlhausen
    Photo: Paul Hentschel, Lutherweg - Thüringer Tourismus GmbH
m 400 300 200 30 25 20 15 10 5 km
Following in Thomas Müntzer's footsteps...
difficult
Distance 31.3 km
12:00 h
709 m
693 m
The medieval Normannstein Castle, built mainly in the Romanesque style, was constructed in the 11th century as an observatory to protect the three fords that led through the River Werra and gave the town its name. Today the story of the five Werra castles can be experienced in a permanent exhibition entitled ‘Werraburgen über Werrafurten’ (Werra castles over Werra fords) in the large four-sided tower.

The Zella Abbey in the southern Eichsfeld was founded in around 1100 or even earlier as a double monastery and convent for both men and women. The abbey was not badly affected by the Peasants’ War; in 1525 it was plundered, but not destroyed. As a result of the Reformation, all the nuns left the abbey except for the Prioress who felt connected to Luther’s teachings.

Mühlhausen is known as the town of towers, gates and churches. Luther does not have any direct link to the town, and it was his former companion, the radical theologian Thomas Müntzer who was the priest here and led the local rebels during the Peasants’ War. During the war, Mühlhausen was its Thuringian centre. Luther tried to convince the peasants with his arguments and on 10 May 1525, he published the article ‘Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants’ – an exposé that was intended to make it clear that you cannot enforce the law with violence, but should pray for divine assistance. Thomas Müntzer was referred to as the ‘Arch Devil of Mühlhausen’ and someone to be avoided.

On 15 May 1525, the peasants led by Thomas Müntzer were almost entirely wiped out at the Battle of Frankenhausen. Müntzer himself survived the battle. He was arrested, tortured and beheaded in Mühlhausen on 27 May 1525.

According to cultural and local history, St Mary’s Church was used for imperial legal decisions, J.S. Bach’s ‘Ratswahl’ cantata was first played here and Thomas Müntzer preached here. Today the church is a Müntzer memorial and is also used as a music and religious venue.

The interior of the Kornmarktkirche church, which was secularised in 1802, is the home of the Peasants’ War museum and features an exhibition on the progression, the climaxes and the aftereffects of the German Peasants’ War in the context of time and as a part of German national history.

Author’s recommendation

Take a break halfway at the Zella Abbey; it is a very inviting place to linger and have a breather.
Profile picture of Paul Hentschel
Author
Paul Hentschel
Update: April 27, 2021
Difficulty
difficult
Technique
Stamina
Experience
Landscape
Highest point
482 m
Lowest point
205 m
Best time of year
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Rest Stop

Brauhaus Zum Löwen - Mühlhausen
Landgasthaus Probstei Zella - Frankenroda
Landgasthof "Alter Bahnhof" Heyerode (Mühlhäuser Werkstätten e.V.)

Start

Treffurt (208 m)
Coordinates:
DD
51.138205, 10.235497
DMS
51°08'17.5"N 10°14'07.8"E
UTM
32U 586435 5665919
w3w 
///planted.principally.understand

Destination

Divi Blasii Mühlhausen

Turn-by-turn directions

Treffurt – Normannstein Castle – Katharinenberg – Faulungen – Zella Abbey – Struth – Mühlhäuser Landgraben stream – Eigenrieden – Mühlhausen town forest – Giant redwood tree – Popperöder Quelle – Mühlhausen (Divi Blasii)

As this section is quite long, it's best to split it into two parts with an overnight stay in Struth at the 'Zur Grünen Linde' guesthouse.

Note


all notes on protected areas

Public transport

Public-transport-friendly

You can get to Treffurt from Eisenach on the regional bus number 75 (TIMETABLE). Mühlhausen is connected to the Deutsche Bahn regional train network.

Getting there

Coming from the A4, take exit 39 (Eisenach-West) and continue on the B7 towards Creuzburg. Once you leave Creuzburg, turn right onto the B250 towards Treffurt.

Parking

Please use the carpark at the Normannsteinhalle (LINK).

Coordinates

DD
51.138205, 10.235497
DMS
51°08'17.5"N 10°14'07.8"E
UTM
32U 586435 5665919
w3w 
///planted.principally.understand
Arrival by train, car, foot or bike

Equipment

Sturdy shoes

Questions and answers

Ask the first question

Would you like to the ask the author a question?


Rating

Write your first review

Help others by being the first to add a review.


Photos from others


Difficulty
difficult
Distance
31.3 km
Duration
12:00 h
Ascent
709 m
Descent
693 m
Public-transport-friendly Multi-stage route Scenic Refreshment stops available Linear route Cultural/historical interest

Statistics

  • Contents
  • Show images Hide images
Features
Maps and trails
Duration : h
Distance  km
Ascent  m
Descent  m
Highest point  m
Lowest point  m
Push the arrows to change the view